Fundamental movement skills for Kids

Fundamental movement skills for kids are the movement patterns that involve different body parts moving in different planes in an efficient manner. These movements form the foundation of every sport as the common aspect among all sports is ‘movement’. For children to have success in sport – either for recreation or competition – it is important they master movement skills before learning sport skills, and fundamental sport skills before specific techniques. Learning fundamental sport skills before mastering the related fundamental movement skills actually reduces performance ability later.


DPL-Figure-4-1160x487 FMS - Kids

Optimum age for children to learn fundamental movement skills

When a child can learn a skill: As a child matures, nerve cells make more connections and muscles get stronger. Until the brain is mature enough and the muscles strong enough, the child simply cannot learn the skill.

2-300x126 FMS - Kids

The child is ready to learn the skill: At a certain point in maturation, the child has the potential to perform a particular skill (the readiness factor). The combination of different equipment, simple instruction, fun practice and encouragement will build the child’s confidence.

DSC_0028-183x300 FMS - KidsThe optimum time to learn the skill: There is a “best” time for the child to learn each emerging skill. Through FMS training a child’s physical capabilities are enhanced to a great extent.

Time for remedial work: If the child goes too long without learning a skill, then learning it may become more difficult. However, the sooner the child starts to overcome the learning deficit the easier it will be for them to catch up – and develop the skill and confidence needed to be fully active with their friends and peers.DSC_0038-152x300 FMS - Kids

A child without fundamental movement skills is unlikely to willingly take part in an activity that requires proficiency in that skill. Being unable to perform even a single fundamental movement skill can seriously restrict later opportunities. This restricts both their choice of lifelong health-promoting activities and opportunities for sporting excellence.

Children may also feel inadequate and discouraged if they see their friends and classmates mastering the same sport skills faster than them (because they have already developed fundamental movement skills)

Fundamental sport skills

Fundamental sport skills are these movement skills applied to a sport situation: for example, kicking a soccer ball, running a sprint, jumping up for a basketball rebound, catching a baseball. A combination of Fundamental Movement Skills & Fundamental Sports Skills will help children achieve physical literacy!

kids2-1160x447 FMS - Kids

Combination of fundamental movement skills & fundamental sports skills for child’s development